It was a hot topic in the news this summer: the current El Niño (2015 – 2016) could be one of the strongest El Niño events ever measured and could break all records. According to the NOAA (2015) the current El Niño is a strong one and will last throughout the 2015-2016 winter. Past experiences do not provide good prospects for this year’s El Niño, if we are to believe the news sites. The El Niño event of 1997 – 1998 caused catastrophic floods in Peru and Ecuador, while inland South America, Indonesia and Australia were faced with severe droughts and wildfires (Cane, 2005), with ~$ 25 billion costs for the U.S. economy alone. But what is El Niño? What happens during an El Niño event and what can science tell us about this phenomenon?